A Guide to Pursuing a Career in Teaching: Types, Courses, and Entrance Exams

In the intricate tapestry of society, teachers serve as the weavers, instilling knowledge, values, and ethics in the next generation. As aptly put by APJ Abdul Kalam, they are the backbone upon which all aspirations are converted into realities. If you are drawn to the noble profession of teaching, this guide will navigate you through the various types of teaching roles, educational pathways, and essential entrance exams in India.

Types of Teachers:

Pre-Primary School Teacher: Responsible for nurturing young minds aged 3 to 5, pre-primary teachers lay the foundational blocks of education and social interaction.

Primary School Teacher: Guiding students from classes 1 to 5, primary school teachers impart not just academic knowledge but also essential life skills crucial for future endeavors.

Secondary School Teacher: With a focus on grades 6 through 10, secondary school teachers delve into their students’ lives, fostering academic growth alongside personal development and aspirations.

Senior Secondary School Teacher: Equipped with specialized knowledge, senior secondary school teachers provide comprehensive subject explanations and career guidance to students.

Special Educator: Specially trained to cater to students with diverse needs, special educators offer tailored support and assistance to ensure inclusive education.

Lecturer/Professor: In the realm of higher education, lecturers and professors engage with college students, imparting specialized knowledge and fostering critical thinking.

Eligibility to become a Teacher:

The journey to becoming a teacher in India begins with acquiring a recognized degree, alongside mandatory completion of a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) for most teaching positions. Additionally, aspiring educators must clear various National and State Level Teaching Entrance Exams, including SET, TET, and NET, to qualify for teaching roles in diverse educational institutions.

Courses to become a Teacher:

Several academic pathways pave the way to a teaching career in India:

  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
  • BA B.Ed Integrated
  • B.Sc B.Ed Integrated
  • Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed)
  • Master of Education (M.Ed)
  • MA Education

Each program equips aspiring teachers with the requisite knowledge and skills tailored to their chosen teaching domain.

Entrance Examinations to become a Teacher:

Navigating the teaching landscape in India requires successfully clearing various entrance exams, including:

  • Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)
  • Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)
  • State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET)
  • National Eligibility Test (NET)

These exams serve as gateways to fulfilling teaching careers, ensuring competency and proficiency in educators across different educational settings.


A career in teaching transcends mere profession; it embodies a profound commitment to shaping minds and inspiring futures. As you embark on this enriching journey, remember the words of wisdom: a teacher’s influence knows no bounds. So, if the passion to teach and inspire burns within you, seize the opportunity to make a lasting impact through the noble vocation of teaching. Your journey to becoming a teacher awaits—why not embark on it today?

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